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Thanvarê Payâhdag (Persian Archers). These men are skirmishers only and not inclined to close with enemy troops. These men would have the fully sleeved, long Persian Kapuris tunic. Often brightly coloured these traditional tunics would end just above the knees secured at the waist by a wide woven belt. They would also have a woolen cap, loose trousers and soft felt shoes. They would be armed with the powerful composite bow and a long dagger suitable only for defense. A plain leather quiver would be strung over their back. They would also have a simple woolen cap.
Triginta Minai Ballistae (30 Minai Stone Projectors). Other than the scorpiones and catapultae, ballistae are stone throwers, that mainly launch their projectiles in step angles, of mostly around 45°, so that they follow ballistic instead of flat, direct trajectories. While the small stone can used for the same purposes as the catapultae, the heavy pieces are almost exclusively limited to their role as siege artillery. They have the ability to bring down weakly built walls by themselves, but normally the ballistae will constantly bombard the enemy battlements to drive the defenders from the walls and cover the work of the primary siege engines, giant battering rams that demolish the walls with their continuous strokes. As for most Roman missile weapons the ballistae can be loaded with incendiary ammunition to set enemy buildings and siege engines aflame, but usually well carved stone balls of the weapons calibre are used. In action torsion engines generate a very distinct noise, that adds to the demoralising effect these machines already have on an enemy unfamiliar with artillery, when he comes under fire at greater distances than usual. All currently used Greco Roman artillery pieces are constructed after the same basic design as two armed torsion powered engines. The torsion springs itself are made of densely packed and drilled animal sinews and human hair, they are used to store the energy until the weapon is fired. The inner ending of the two arms is directly connected to the springs, while the others are attached to a rope that runs to the carriage holding the shoot. When the weapon is loaded the operator push back the carriage, with the help of a winch to master the high forces, so that the springs are twisted. When the piece is released they will move back to their original state and transfer the stored energy to the projectile.
Trireme Fleet. Senatores! While the armies of the Republic are invincible on land, our enemies hide on the seas! In addition to our huge Quinqueremes, the Republic needs smaller ships. The great Hellenic historian Thoukydides claims the first of these were built in Korinthian docks by the shipwright Ameinokles during their war with Korkyra (dates vary between late VIII and early VI century BC). At first they were rare, but as time passed more and more were built. In the great battles near Artemision and Salamis between Hellenes and barbaric Persians, Triereis formed the bulk of both fleets. Over time this class of ship became a bit obsolete, but they are still very efficient.
Trispithamoi Katapeltai (Three-span Arrow Projector). The Trispithamos Katapeltes is a torsion-based Three-span Arrow Projector which hail from Greek progeny. This Three-span Arrow Projector is useful for providing a covering-fire on enemy walls, or firing at hostile missile troops at a greater range than they themselves can reach. A focused barrage from a large enough battery can be particularly devestating on heavily armoured units such as eastern Kataphraktoi / Grivpanvar, while they are still far out of charging distance - often forcing them to attack you first.
Trokalobutiamm (Shepherd Slingers). The Trokalobutiamm (Tro-kay-low-boot-i-am; "Herds/Field Worker Combatants") are shepherds that have been banded together to fight as a unit of slingers. They’re made up from the lower classes of all peninsular tribes and nations, who mostly scrape off a living grazing small flocks of sheep and goats on arid hills. Being so poor and with a high demand for slingers, it’s no wonder these hardy highlanders have come down the hills seeking to join bandit groups or to offer their services as mercenaries in urban armies. Armed only with their sling and a knife, they are also largely unprotected besides their small wicker buckler. That makes them extremely vulnerable to any troops that can catch them in a melee and even light cavalry is likely to just run through them without breaking a sweat.
Uaezdaettae Mizdagânîh (Nomadic Noble Mercenary). Not all of generals of nomadic armies were related by blood or marriage to the ruler of the clan. Not only could men be given command of the army by demonstration of outstanding skill, but mercenary generals could be hired as well. Fighting for the highest bidder (including their richer civilized neighbors), these men would have spent years fighting, occasionally on multiple sides in a single war. Either lesser nobles or even members of the tribe not born into the nobility, these men are often highly skilled in the art of war, as well as being adept to the requirements of the harsh nomadic culture. Their bodyguards, mounted on fine mounts, armed with composite bows and a kontos and armored with a scale cuirass (Though perhaps not as fine as the equipment of the royalty) would have been battle-hardened and ready to fight, as long as the gold continues to flow.
Uazali (Karian Warband). The Uazali are warbands of soldiers from the peoples of the southern coast of Mikra Asia: the Karians, Lykians, Pamphylians, and Pisidians. These warlike peoples have long traditions of military service abroad, and of nearly constant local warfare between the small cities and towns separated by the towering heights of the western Taurus. These Uazali are skilled mountain fighters. Their name comes from the Lykian tongue, and means "Warriors," and is similar also to the words used by the other peoples along the southern coast of Mikra Asia, all of whose languages derived primarily from the Hittite tongue. The Uazali carry a solid rectangular shield slung over the shoulder to ease the burden on the arms, emblazoned with signs of their peoples, and wear a solid Phrygian helm, a common form of protection among those in Asia who could afford such things. For weapons, they carry several javelins and a lengthened xiphos sword, which became a popular weapon in Mikra Asia, both as a result of the Iphikratid reforms, and out of experience fighting the Galatai, with their longswords. Their shields and helmets provide them a great deal of protection compared to most other skirmishing units, and their ferocity in melee surpasses most of their peers.
Uirodusios (Celtic Naked Spearmen). The Uirodusios (Oo-row-doo-see-os; "Man-Demons") fight in the ancient Celtic style, stripped nude but for his torc, anklets, and bangles, and sometimes a cloak. Though poorly defended, and not nearly as skilled as the Gaesatae mercenaries of Gaul, nor on drugs, they are still formidable and present a frightening visage that unnerves enemies. These are not so much an elite as they are often only somewhat experienced warriors who wish to increase their fame by daring acts of bravery.
Velites (Polybian Skirmishers). Velites are the legion's light infantry. In a pitched battle they will screen the legion's main battle line during the advance and harass the enemy. Before the heavy infantry engages trumpeters signal them to retreat through the gaps in the Roman line and reform behind the Triarii, or on the wings with the cavalry. Sometimes they are also directly used to support the cavalry.
The Velites are armed with javelins, a short sword and a small, but strong round shield. They wear no armour besides a plain helmet covered with an animal's skin (usually that of a wolf). This is mainly used for identification, and to make individuals recognizable to the centurions and tribunes over great distances.
Vellinica (Goidilic Spearmen Levy). The Vellinica (Val-lin-ik-ah; "Swift Fighters") are the most basic warriors of the Goidilic (Gaelic or Goedelic) tribes, and are thankfully cheap to maintain. They fight as spearmen, with good quality, reinforced spears. The Vellinica are only semi-professional. They work and train about four months a year, than rotate back to working as farmers, craftsmen, fishermen, etc., while their replacements go to train and fight. They are expensive to outfit compared to most light spearmen, but they are comparatively well trained and high spirited.
Vigiles (Town Watch). Vigiles are paramilitary units that mostly act as fire fighters and night watches, and sometimes have additional police duties. Most of them are lightly armed with a spear and a gladius and carry an ovular shield and a bronze Montefortino helmet for protection. With this equipment they can be used as an emergency defence, but these men are not soldiers and they should not be expected to defeat real warriors on even terms.